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Cotton farming may become people’s source of income

Cotton farming may become people’s source of income

Economy
20 April 2016, 13:13 1252
In the years 70-80s, beginning of 1st April it used to start sowing cotton. However recent years those traditions have not followed. But after starting post-oil period planting cotton has become one of actual issues.  In our country,  this year  it is planned to produce 3 times more-100 thousands tons of cotton than last year.
Economic analyst Vugar Bayramov said "Kaspi" that cotton growing is one of priority sectors  in Azerbaijan and encourages entry of foreign curency: " Regrettfully, in recent times weak growth of this sphere brought abolition of cotton areas which caused losing of interest to this field. Thus, cotton fields decreased sharply. 
 
Processing factories from Soviet peiod  must be restored 
 
Bayramov told that that it needs to support this field and its growth. Cotton brings currency even as a raw material.  However we must think deeply about cotton processing: "In order to profit exporting of products in form of raw material to abroad is one of these targets. On the other hand, we need to think about processing, taking into account  the demand for light industry and clothing products. There is quite high demand for light industry products in Azerbaijan. Especially clothing and light industrial products are imported. That is why it needs to form production fields and factories producing clothing products. Factories formerly associated with the cotton processing must be restored. There was an opportunity for cotton processing in Azerbaijan, specially  in Shaki." stressed Bayramov. 

Preferential loans must be given to entrepreneurs
 
It will be possible to meet  local demands by producing of some high demand products . Azerbaijani citizens spend a large amount of funds for dresses. Consequently, currency leaves the country. However,  developing of  processing cotton will be helpful in elimination of  dependence on imports, creation of new jobs, as well as it  will allow the currency to remain in the country. In this regard, it is better to use cotton not only in form of raw material also in form of processed products. Recovery of cotton processing will bring a development of cotton growing and elimination of  dependence on imports. Processed cotton brings 3 times more profit than raw material. 

V. Bayramov says that there is a big difference between profit of raw and processed cotton: "The first difference is that creation of new jobs is difficult while sailing raw material. But if cotton is sold after processing several new jobs will be created. Specially, international experience show that cotton is imported in processed form. It is also important for economic diversification, number of export products grow. 
To make a profit from cotton growing depends directly on government support. It needs to change the mechanism of subsidy given to farmers and increase number of subsidies. Regretfully, there are problems in giving subsidies. It is less amount, the subsidy is calculated on a fair simple criteria which is not attractive for farmers. Moreover , it needs to reconsider purchase prices of raw cotton by processing factories and determine more reasonable prices. At the same time, 
sale of raw cotton to other countries must be suspended. 
 
Cotton farming takes a long time  one of main places in agrarian sector of Azerbaijan: "After Azerbaijani National Leader came to power he brought forward development of agriculture in Azerbaijan. After a short period of time cotton growing considerably increased. As well as, other fields also developed. Cotton was sold in form of raw material. Textile industry has also developed. Cotton seed also brings profit in several directions. The seed is food for animals. 
According to the member of Milli Mejlis cotton must not be sold abroad in raw form. Processing factories must be established and various products manufactured here: "Light industry and textile needs to be developed in Azerbaijan. Today, we buy cotton clothing products from abroad. It is unacceptable for us. Why do we buy these products from abroad?  During  the years when Heydar Heydar Aliyev  headed Azerbaijan SSR cotton processing, preparation plants were launched in all regions. Hundred tons of cotton were processed and sold to foreign countries as well as, used in domestic industry. 
 
The plant with ability to mill  200 thousand of cotton still remains 
 
T. Rzayev pointed out that although some technologies have changed but current abilities  of some plants can be used: "There is a big processing plant in Aghjabedi which I am representing. Cotton farms from Barda, Aghdam, Beylagan handed over raw cotton to this plant. The plant continues to run. Such kind of plants had been launched on the basis of high-tech according to task of Heydar Aliyev. Raw cotton without seeds produced in these plants were exported to Germany and other European countries. Some modern technology and equipments needs to be bought here. About 400 employees were working at a garment factory in Aghjabedi at that time. 
We were told by the National Fund for Entrepreneurship Support under the Ministry of Economy that  due to development of cotton growing about 150 enterpreneurs were given 58,6 mln manat and 30 mln manat to 7 textile factories based on modern technologies. With help of those loans 5950 new jobs will be created. 
 
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