Global warming to intensify drought, says scientific research

Global warming to intensify drought, says scientific research

Economy
19 November 2019, 13:28 424
According to experts, there is a great need for a state program and various strategic projects in this regard
 
"Due to global warming, evaporation in the Caspian Sea will increase," said the director of the ANAS Institute of Geography, head of the Azerbaijan Geography Society, academician Ramiz Mammadov. He made this remark at the scientific conference on the organization and management of agricultural systems in arid regions of Azerbaijan.
 
Mammadov said global warming decreases productivity, accelerates chemical and biochemical processes in the soil, reduces vegetation, increases the area of saline soils, the desertification process, and creates water shortages. As precipitation decreases, the river water will decrease. According to his scientific research, as a result of global warming, there will be more than 50-60 days of drought in the Kur-Araz lowland. Recently, in Turkey, hydro meteorologists warn that winter will be dry. Of course, the drought will have several consequences. Turkey is already carrying out preparatory work in this regard. So how do we deal with drought, and what kind of measures should we take?
 
According to agricultural expert Nijat Nasirli, serious strategic projects are needed to solve the problem. "During a recent scientific conference in Germany, I saw that the drought problem was not only a concern for Asian countries. European countries are also very concerned about climate change. According to scientific research, there will be 2 amplitude changes due to the climate by 2050. As the name implies, this change is global and is therefore of concern to all countries around the world. Most European countries are at the foot of the Alps, where precipitation exceeds the norm. But these countries are already experiencing climate change. There is a great deal of alarm in this regard. The Netherlands has already begun to produce technology in this regard. One of the main issues is to bring fresh water to farming. One of the largest agrarian countries, Turkey's related bodies, periodically makes statements and challenges on these issues. Most areas in Turkey suffer from water shortages. Despite technological advances, water scarcity has become a problem in this country. Azerbaijan is already experiencing climate change. There are 18 major agricultural regions in the country. From year to year, the situation in this area is aggravating. We are still in the process of studying the problem at a scientific level. There is a great need for the adoption of state programs in this field and various strategic projects. So far, the work done at the state level is related to melioration. The amount of funds directed to this area is increasing. There are 6-7 large reservoirs in the regions. The main task of these reservoirs is to collect water from atmospheric sediments and glaciers and turn them into industrial waters. Water scarcity remains a serious problem. This year, the weather is not consistent with October and November. The weather may be even drier next year. Therefore, we must solve this problem on scientific grounds. There is a need for the adoption and implementation of strategic projects. I hope that the budget will take this issue into account,” he said.
 
Agricultural expert Kadir Bayramli said climate change is the sad reality of today. "The drought season is temporary. The warm October and November months do not mean that such weather will prevail throughout the year.  In my opinion, this is temporary and will not last long. But in any case, climate change cannot be ignored. Climate change is today’s reality. Global warming and drought will firstly affect the agrarian sector. This warming can have serious consequences. Therefore, we must prepare for this process in advance. We should pay attention to agro-technical issues, and have new scientific approaches in this area. Farmers should already take advantage of the mild weather. There is a need for awareness-raising and complex activities in this area. Unfortunately, the problems of the agrarian sector are not limited to hot and mild weather. Soil improvement, measures taken against erosion are weak. We must listen to the farmers' problems and support them. A larger action plan is needed if mild weather lasts for a long time. Experts should come together and set up a working group or commission. The creation of a state program to combat climate change would be more beneficial. There is a need for expert opinions. Farmers need education on how to deal with this problem,” he said.
 
Shabnam