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Women of new Uzbekistan in the prism of gender policy of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Women of new Uzbekistan in the prism of gender policy of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev

General
05 March 2021, 10:38 192
Very soon the whole world will celebrate a wonderful holiday - International Women's Day, which is traditionally celebrated on March 8th. On this day, all men congratulate their mothers, sisters, wives and daughters. In a word, all beautiful creatures united in one feminine principle.
Probably no one will be outraged by the opinion that all women deserve to be pleased and supported by men. This is most likely the real courage, expressed in all-round care for the beautiful half of humanity, the observance of its rights and the creation of favorable conditions for raising social status. Of course, every self-respecting man tries to do this in his own way, however, in order to make this process massive, turning it into mandatory norms for all representatives of modern civil society, in our opinion, state regulatory support is needed.
Based on these judgments, I would like to draw the eyes of our readers to how Uzbekistan correctly understands the importance of displaying true courage and the need for the state to participate in the formation of a favorable climate for the personal development of women. This is evidenced by the positive processes associated with the comprehensive support of women that have been taking place in Uzbekistan since the coming to power of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
Immediately after being elected head of state in 2016, Sh. Mirziyoyev began to systematically and consistently implement a policy aimed at strengthening the organizational and legislative framework for the observance, promotion and protection of the rights of women and girls, taking into account the generally recognized principles and norms of international law, as well as national interests, mentality and traditions of the Uzbek people.
As the priority tasks of the government of Uzbekistan, he immediately identified the increase in the socio-political activity of women, the expansion of their presence in government and public structures, ensuring their economic independence by creating new jobs, including in modern industries and in rural areas. The seriousness of the intention and practical implementation of these tasks can already be judged by the fact that from 2016 to the present, 24 legislative acts have been adopted in Uzbekistan, including 2 laws, 6 decrees and resolutions of the president, 16 government decrees. All of them serve common goals - ensuring gender equality, all-round and all-round support for women, increasing their social status, the level of political activity and independence.
Considering the regulatory framework of Uzbekistan in this area, one can immediately notice the adoption of a new unprecedented law "On guarantees of equal rights and opportunities for women and men", which in general outlined the main directions of state policy and determined the powers of state bodies of Uzbekistan in the field of ensuring gender equality. as well as the Law "On Protection of Women from Harassment and Violence", which was based on the opinions and recommendations of civil society institutions and international organizations.
An equally important document developed and adopted at the initiative of Sh. Mirziyev is the Strategy for Achieving Gender Equality in Uzbekistan until 2030, aimed at ensuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men in the social, economic and political spheres. In addition to legal changes in Uzbekistan, it should also be noted about institutional transformations and innovations that serve the same purpose. Among the new initiatives of the President: the creation in 2019 of the Commission for Ensuring Gender Equality, which is currently chaired by the Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis Tanzila Narbaeva.
In the same year, a Committee on Women and Gender Equality was formed in the Senate; in 2020, the Ministry for Support of Mahalla and Family was created, one of the priority areas of which is comprehensive support of women, and the Fund for Support of Women and Family was established.
Of course, many may ask the question, how are all these innovations embodied in the practical plane in Uzbek society?
To get answers to this question, you need to refer to the numbers, which speak volumes. Thus, over the past 4 years, the number of women politicians, ministers, heads of local authorities, industrial associations, banks and companies, law enforcement officials, officers of the Armed Forces has noticeably increased in Uzbekistan.
According to the results of the parliamentary elections in 2019, women made up 32% of the deputies of the Legislative (lower) chamber of the Oliy Majlis, over 25% in the Senate (upper chamber) and local Kengashes of people's deputies, which is almost two times higher than the previous figures.
In terms of the number of women deputies, the parliament of Uzbekistan rose to 37th place among 190 national parliaments of the world. Only under the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 360 staffs of female inspectors have been created, and advisers to khokims on women and family issues have been appointed in regional, district and city authorities, in 9,168 makhallas the posts of deputy chairman of citizens' self-government bodies on family, women and social issues have been introduced.
Today, large-scale work is being carried out in Uzbekistan to support women in need of social protection, ensure their employment, and promote the development of women's entrepreneurship. At the initiative of the President of the country, since 2020, the concept of "Women's Notebook" has been introduced. It includes women in difficult life situations in order to provide them with targeted support. At the moment, the data of more than 432 thousand women have been entered into this notebook and the process of its replenishment continues. In 2020 alone, the state allocated more than $ 8.5 million to solve everyday problems of 16.5 thousand women.
With the financial assistance of a specially established Fund to Support Women and Families, affordable housing is provided to women from vulnerable social groups, including mothers of children with disabilities, low-income families, women raising children in single-parent families, and women in need of better housing conditions. In 2018-2020, 3,878 women were paid initial contributions for the purchase of housing, for which the state allocated more than $ 10.2 million.
In a short period of time, the Foundation has provided assistance in performing complex medical operations for 50 women, who have already returned to full-fledged life. In addition, over the past 4 years, the Fund has employed more than 620.2 thousand women, 106.0 thousand women have assisted in setting up a business. Over the same period, in order to develop women's entrepreneurship, more than 327 thousand women were allocated preferential loans totaling $ 74 million.
Still, I would like to highlight the high humanity of the measures taken by Sh. Mirziyoyev to return to their homeland the Uzbeks who left the country by mistake, ended up in hot spots of the world and experienced a difficult life period. It is appropriate here to note the 4 "Mehr” humanitarian operations carried out over the past 2 years to evacuate more than 350 Uzbek citizens from Syria and Afghanistan, most of whom are women and children. Citizens who returned home underwent a rehabilitation course and became participants in various programs and benefits aimed at social adaptation, employment and housing, and children - participants in special inclusive educational programs in kindergartens and schools.
All this undoubtedly demonstrates Uzbekistan's confident path towards full gender equality and human rights. It is the person who acts as the defining motive of all reforms and transformations implemented by M. Mirziyoyev. With such a pace of development, it will not be surprising if a woman candidate is presented for the first time in the country's history at the presidential elections in Uzbekistan, which are scheduled for October this year.