Great leader Heydar Aliyev: ‘The purpose of my life is the state and people of Azerbaijan’
Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev was born on 10 May 1923 in the city of Nakhchivan of Azerbaijan. In 1939, after graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical School he studied at the architectural department of the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy). The incipient war impeded to complete his education.
Since 1941, Heydar Aliyev heads the department at the People Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Nakhchivan ASSR and on 1944 was sent to work at the state security bodies. Heydar Aliyev, working since that time in the security bodies, since 1964 held the post of deputy chairman, and since 1967 – chairman of the Committee of State Security under the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic, and he was conferred the rank of lieutenant general. In these years, he received special higher education in Leningrad (now St Petersburg), and in 1957, he graduated from the history department of Azerbaijan State University.
Being elected at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in July 1969 as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev heads the Republic. In December 1982, Heydar Aliyev has been elected as Alternate member of Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, and appointed at the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR and became one of the leaders of the USSR. During twenty years, Heydar Aliyev was the Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and for five years was Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
In October 1987, Heydar Aliyev, as a sign of protest against the policy pursued by Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally the Secretary General Michael Gorbachev, resigned from his post.
In bound with the tragedy, committed on 20 January 1990 in Baku by the soviet troops, appearing on the next day at the Azerbaijan Representation in Moscow with a statement, demanded to punish the organizers and executors of the crime, committed against the people of Azerbaijan. As a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of leadership of the USSR, in connection with the critical conflict accrued in Nagorno Karabakh, in July 1991, he left the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
By return in July 1990 to Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev has lived at first in Baku, then in Nakhchivan, and on the same year he was elected as the Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan. In 1991-1993s, he held the post of Chairman of the Supreme Mejlis of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. In 1992, at the constituent congress of the "Yeni Azerbaijan” Party in Nakhchivan, Heydar Aliyev, was elected as the Chairman of the Party.
In May-June 1993, when, as the result of extreme tension of the governmental crisis, the country was at the verge of civil war and loss of independence, the people of Azerbaijan demanded to bring to power Heydar Aliyev. The then leaders of Azerbaijan were obliged to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku. On 15 June 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected as the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan, and on 24 July – on resolution of the Milli Mejlis, he managed to fulfill powers of the President of Azerbaijan Republic.
On October 3, 1993, as the result of nationwide voting, Heydar Aliyev was elected as the President of Azerbaijan Republic. On October 11, 1998, having garnered at the elections, passed in high activeness of the population, 76,1 percent of the votes, he was re-elected as the President of Azerbaijan Republic. Heydar Aliyev, giving his consent to be nominated as a candidate at the 15 October 2003 presidential elections, Heydar Aliyev relinquished to run at the elections in connection with health problems.
On December 12, 2003, national leader of the Azerbaijani people, President Heydar Aliyev passed away in Cleveland Hospital in the United States of America, where he had been undergoing medical treatment, and on December 15, was buried at the Alley of Honour in Baku.
Heydar Aliyev was conferred a number of international awards, the title of honorary doctor of numerous countries, and other high honors. He was conferred for four times with the Lenin Order, the Order of Krasnaya Zvezda and many medals, and twice Hero of Socialist Labor, was awarded by Orders and medals of many foreign states.
Historical destiny of Azerbaijan, covering the period of over the thirty latest years, was inseparably linked with the name of Heydar Aliyev. Revival of the people during these years in all spheres of its socio-political, economic and cultural life is connected just with his name.
During the said period of his leadership, Heydar Aliyev helped his native land Azerbaijan, the progress that he persistently strived towards, the rich culture, great historical past with which he was proud of, and on the coming generations on whom he was concerned, to overcome as a state heavy and sharp ordeals of time.
Being an outstanding politician and statesmen, indisputable leader of the nation, he was a live legend, and therefore the Heydar Aliyev phenomena always attracted attention, the admiration rising political activity of this nationwide leader of the Azerbaijanis of world was widely covered both in the Republican and world press.
Colossal activity of Heydar Aliyev as a political and public figure devoted all his life to his people and left a deep trace in the history of the Azerbaijani people, has become true school of public administration. There will be many generations of the Azerbaijan people to use this school and rich heritage of Heydar Aliyev in the name of our country’s development and welfare of our people.
Dear and bright memory of the national leader of the Azerbaijani people, wise head and person of genius Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev will live in the hearts of the grateful Azerbaijani people forever.
Chairman of the Committee on Science and Education of the Azerbaijani Parliament, academician Isa Habibbayli said that Heydar Aliyev was a truly great leader with great intelligence and will. "Heydar Aliyev, the national leader of the Azerbaijani people, is a powerful historical figure who created his own epoch in the history of our country. The years 1969-1982 and 1993-2003, when he led the country, are the period of Heydar Aliyev epoch in centuries-old history of Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev's statehood position, determination, foresight, and rich experience allowed him to successfully carry out the rescue mission in young Azerbaijan. During the coup attempts by various insidious forces in the early years of independence, the Azerbaijani people actually rallied around President Heydar Aliyev, demonstrating true unity and organization. Heydar Aliyev freed the independent statehood in Azerbaijan from all possible threats, created social and political stability in the country and laid solid foundations for future great development. During the ten years of his leadership in independent Azerbaijan, our country was recognized as an independent state with normal development rates. Today, the worthy successor of this policy, President Ilham Aliyev, adds new, brilliant and valuable pages to the path of our people, our independent state, which develop rapidly and comprehensively with the head of state’s tireless and purposeful activities,” the chairman noted.
Sevinj Fataliyeva, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on International Relations and Interparliamentary Relations of the Milli Mejlis, head of the New Azerbaijan Party (YAP) Department of International Relations, said that the Azerbaijani people honored the memory of national leader Heydar Aliyev with great respect. She noted that thanks to the wise and far-sighted leadership of the great leader, today Azerbaijan is a modern state with democratic institutions, which act as a factor of trust and stability in the foreign policy, moving forward in economic development and social welfare. "The aspirations of all Azerbaijani people came true, and Azerbaijan gained its independence during the leadership of prominent statesman Heydar Aliyev. "The purpose of my life is Azerbaijan, the people of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the citizen of Azerbaijan," said our national leader, creating the ideological and political foundations of the Azerbaijani statehood and the concept of national statehood. As a brilliant carrier of the ideology of Azerbaijanism, Heydar Aliyev succeeded in realizing the idea of national statehood, establishing the modern Azerbaijan state and achieving the desire of our people for independence, thanks to his wise policy, unshakable belief, and historical vision,” stressed Fataliyeva.
Chairman of Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation, MP Sattar Mohbaliyev emphasized that great leader Heydar Aliyev made a name for himself in the history of Azerbaijan owing to his selfless work, great love for his people and homeland, desire for building a civilized state and high professionalism and foresight. "Great leader Heydar Aliyev, in the true sense, did miracles in Azerbaijan. He laid the foundations of democratic, civil society and directed it towards development. He did not only entrust us with a modern, eternal state. He also gave us a successor who can confidently lead our state into the future. This is President Ilham Aliyev. Under his leadership, Azerbaijan has entered a new phase of its development,” he said.