AZƏRBAYCANDA KORONAVIRUSLA BAĞLI XƏBƏRLƏR

Agriculture has not suffered from virus epidemic

Agriculture has not suffered from virus epidemic

Economy
07 April 2020, 16:53 268
Seasonal work is underway in the fields, high productivity is expected this year
 

Agriculture is one of the main sectors of the economy. The current situation in the world has harmed all spheres of life in many countries including Azerbaijan. Nevertheless, work continues in the field of agriculture because we have to take into account that the summer months are coming when there is a great demand for products, such as fruits, and vegetables. For this purpose, planting and other seasonal work are carried out in orchards, and plantations. We talked to experts and tried to find out what is being done and the situation in this area.
 
According to agricultural expert Nijat Nasirli, this period can be divided into two parts depending on the direction of work. "The first is seasonal maintenance work in preparation for autumn. About 1 million hectares have been planted here. Most of them are grains and cereals. The process of applying spring fertilizers, in particular, nitrogen fertilizers, is underway until April 15-20. I would also like to note that although there is currently a quarantine regime in force, this fertilization process is carried out safely. Because we are talking about quite large areas, and the process of spring fertilization is carried out completely mechanically. In other words, this fertilization is carried out by large tractors, without involving a large number of workers. Therefore, the virus infection factor is an exception here. From the second half of April, the sowing of spring crops will begin, which is also a completely mechanical process. That is, even in this period, there is no need for mass labor in the fields. During this period, crops, such as sunflower, cotton, beets, etc. are planted in an area of ​​about 300-400 thousand, and the process is completed in early May," he said.
 
Nasirli also spoke about the level of productivity. "Given that the main tasks, that is the sowing of grain and grain products were carried out in the fall, at a time when there was no virus and farmers were able to easily sow the fields. Now the main work is agro-technical maintenance, which includes the provision of spring fertilizers and fighting various pests. On the other hand, for the past week or two, there have been favorable climatic conditions, especially in the lowlands, where precipitation has begun to fall systematically. Of course, in this case, the vegetative growth of plants will accelerate. In parallel, if the weather stabilizes, if the temperature rises above 18-20 C, we can achieve high productivity. In my opinion, we will achieve last year's productivity in grain harvest at the least," he added.
 
Chairman of the Board of the Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing Elmar Allahverdiyev spoke about the work carried out in the field of vegetable growing. "A lot of work is being done in this direction. Now is the time for spring sowing, and most vegetables are planted in the spring. True, there are also autumn vegetables. Cabbage, garlic and other vegetables have been planted in the fall. The crop will be harvested in late spring, which is in May-June. But we have vegetables that are sown in March-April. For example, planting onion seeds began in late February and early March. One of the main works being done now is the process of soil preparation. Preparations are underway for the planting of seedlings," the chairman said.
 
Allahverdiyev noted that at the next stage, various preventive measures should be taken to increase productivity. "During the preparation of spring field crops, weed control is carried out first. For this purpose, different herbicides are used. Herbicides must be applied to the fields to destroy all types of weeds in the soil. After the weeds are destroyed, the plants can be planted normally on that land. Incomplete destruction of weeds will create serious problems later, which results in destroyed cultivated plants. Also, fertilization should be carried out. That is, when plants are planted, it is recommended to apply organic, mineral fertilizers directly to the soil," he added.
 
Ilham Gurbanov, director of the Scientific-Research Institute of Fruit-Growing and Tea-Growing said that all orchards are currently being planted, cleaned, pruned. "The role of agro-technical care is high in achieving high productivity. At present, gardening work has been completed in the new gardens. In the old gardens, pruning is carried out, cleaning and spring treatment are carried out. Based on the current development process, we can say that high yields are expected in fruits such as apples, pears, cherries, and plums. For example, it will be possible to take 50 tons of apples per hectare in modern orchards, 20-25 tons from intensive orchards and 3-7 tons from extensive orchards," Gurbanov noted.
 
Gunel Azade